DevSecOps Interview Q&A: Part 6

Laxfed Paulacy
3 min readJan 20, 2023

Talk about your CI/CD experience, bruh!


What work have you performed in the CI/CD pipeline?

In my experience, the work performed in a CI/CD pipeline can vary depending on the specific requirements of the project and the tools used. However, generally, the following tasks are typically included in a CI/CD pipeline:

  1. Code integration: The first step in the pipeline is to integrate code changes from multiple developers into a single codebase. This is typically done using a version control system such as Git.
  2. Build and testing: Once the code is integrated, it is built and tested to ensure that it is functional and free of errors. This can include tasks such as compiling the code, running unit tests, and performing static code analysis. Tools such as Jenkins, TravisCI, CircleCI, and GitLab CI/CD are commonly used for this step.
  3. Containerization: After the code is built and tested, it is containerized using a tool such as Docker. This allows the application to be easily deployed and run in any environment.
  4. Deployment: Once the code is containerized, it is deployed to a test environment for further testing and validation. This can include tasks such as deploying to a staging environment, performing acceptance testing, and conducting performance testing.
  5. Release and monitoring: Once the code has been tested and validated, it is released to a production environment and monitored for performance and stability. This can include tasks such as deploying to a production environment, setting up monitoring and alerting, and creating rollback procedures.
  6. Continuous delivery: Once the code is stable and all the tests passed, it can be deployed to the production environment automatically, without human intervention.
  7. Security testing: In addition to the traditional CI/CD pipeline steps, security testing is an important step that should be integrated into the pipeline. This can include tasks such as performing vulnerability scanning, penetration testing, and static code analysis.
  8. Compliance testing: Ensuring that the pipeline and the application are compliant with industry regulations, standards and policies is an important step in the pipeline. This can include tasks such as testing for compliance with security standards like SOC2, PCI-DSS, and HIPAA.
  9. In addition to these tasks, I have also experience in implementing other practices that are becoming more popular in the industry, such as GitOps, which uses Git as a single source of truth for the entire application deployment process, including the configuration and the infrastructure. This can be done by using tools like ArgoCD, FluxCD and Jenkins X.
  10. Another aspect is the integration of security in the pipeline, known as Shift-left security, this means that security testing is integrated as early as possible in the pipeline, to catch vulnerabilities and security issues as soon as possible. This can be done using tools like Snyk, Aqua Security, and Nessus.
  11. Finally, it’s worth noting that the specific tasks and tools used in a CI/CD pipeline will depend on the specific requirements of the project and the resources available. It’s important to continually review and improve the pipeline to ensure that it is efficient, secure, and meets the needs of the organization.
  12. In summary, I have experience in performing various tasks in a CI/CD pipeline, such as code integration, build and testing, containerization, deployment, release and monitoring, continuous delivery and security and compliance testing. Additionally, I have knowledge in other practices like GitOps and Shift-left security, and I have experience in using various tools such as Jenkins, TravisCI, CircleCI, GitLab CI/CD, Docker, ArgoCD, FluxCD, Snyk, Aqua Security, and Nessus.




Laxfed Paulacy

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