DevSecOps Interview Q&A: Part 3

Laxfed Paulacy
3 min readJan 20, 2023


Walk through a Kubernetes deployment in this one, bruh!


Go through a Kubernetes deployment…

A Kubernetes deployment is a process of creating and managing a desired state of one or more pods in a cluster. Here’s a general overview of the steps that would be taken to perform a deployment in Kubernetes:

  1. Create a container image: The first step in deploying an application to Kubernetes is to create a container image of the application. This can be done using a tool like Docker, which allows developers to package their application and its dependencies into a lightweight and portable container.
  2. Push the container image to a container registry: Once the container image is created, it needs to be pushed to a container registry such as Docker Hub, Google Container Registry, or Amazon Elastic Container Registry. This allows the image to be easily pulled and run by the Kubernetes cluster.
  3. Create a Kubernetes deployment configuration file: The next step is to create a Kubernetes deployment configuration file, which defines the desired state of the application in the cluster. This file typically includes information such as the number of replicas of the application to be run, the container image to be used, and any environment variables that need to be passed to the application.
  4. Apply the deployment configuration: Once the deployment configuration file is created, it can be applied to the cluster using the kubectl command-line tool. This tells the cluster to create or update the desired state defined in the file.
  5. Monitor the deployment: After the deployment configuration has been applied, the status of the deployment can be monitored using the kubectl command-line tool or a Kubernetes dashboard. This allows the DevSecOps teams to ensure that the application is running as expected and to identify and troubleshoot any issues that may arise.
  6. Scale the deployment: If necessary, the number of replicas of the application can be scaled up or down to meet changing demands. This can be done by modifying the deployment configuration file and reapplying it to the cluster.
  7. Roll out updates: As the application evolves, new updates and features can be rolled out to the cluster by updating the container image and reapplying the deployment configuration. Kubernetes supports different types of updates, such as Blue-Green deployment, Rolling update, and Canary deployment.
  8. Add persistence: If the application requires data persistence, PV and PVC can be created and added to the deployment configuration file, so the data is not lost when the pods are recreated.
  9. Add monitoring and logging: Kubernetes supports a variety of monitoring and logging solutions, such as Prometheus, Grafana, Elasticsearch and Fluentd, which can be configured to monitor the application and the cluster.

It’s important to note that the specific steps and tools used in a Kubernetes deployment will depend on the specific requirements of the application and the resources available in the cluster. Additionally, there are various tools and frameworks available, like Helm, Kustomize and ArgoCD, which can automate and simplify the deployment process. It’s best to consult the Kubernetes documentation, the cluster administrator, or a Kubernetes expert for guidance on the best approach for a particular use case.

Additionally, there are some other technologies and companies that can be used to enhance the deployment process and to provide additional functionalities. For example, GitOps is a methodology that uses Git as a single source of truth for the entire application deployment process, including the configuration and the infrastructure. Tools such as ArgoCD and FluxCD are popular for implementing GitOps in Kubernetes.

Another technology that can be used in conjunction with Kubernetes is service meshes. A service mesh is a configurable infrastructure layer for microservices application that makes communication between service instances flexible, reliable, and fast. Examples of service meshes are Istio, Linkerd, and Consul Connect.

In summary, a Kubernetes deployment involves creating a container image, pushing it to a container registry, creating a deployment configuration file, applying it to the cluster, monitoring the deployment, scaling it if necessary, and rolling out updates. Additionally, there are various tools and frameworks available to automate and simplify the deployment process and to provide additional functionalities like GitOps and service meshes.




Laxfed Paulacy

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